We are facing a very serious situation in the fields
of employment and education in India. A vast majority of our educated
youths are still unemployed. The primary reason for this is the
defective education system of India that is primarily academic in
We do not pay much attention to professional,
vocational and training based education in India. All we do is
teaching of age old
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Indian judicial and legal systems are very slow to
adopt information and communication technology (ICT). Although some
steps have been taken to computerise the Indian courts yet by and
large they are insufficient and not relevant.
delivery of justice in India is urgently needed.
and ODR in India are essential part of electronic delivery
of justice in India. Despite the
Cyber security issues in India
have attracted the attention of Indian government at last. Indian government has announced taking of many steps that can ensure basic level cyber security in India.
However, highly sophisticated and particularly targeted cyber attacks against India cannot be defended for another five years if the present speed and initiatives are maintained. Further, if the declared cyber security initiatives are not immediately acted upon, cyber security in India cannot be established for another decade or more.
The main problem with Indian cyber security initiatives is that they are based on the approach of maximum procurement with minimum application. Mere procurement of hardware and software can never make India a cyber secure nation. We need a skilled cyber security workforce in India
as well to successfully use hardware and software.
Another significant aspect is that cyber security firms and companies of India must be techno legal in nature. This means that these cyber security firms and companies of India must not only be capable of managing the technical aspects but also legal aspects as well.
In short, cyber security firms and companies must have multiple qualifications and diverse expertise to manage the contemporary cyberspace challenges. A single discipline approach is not going to be beneficial in the long run.
The Madrid Protocol was adopted to render the Madrid system more flexible and more compatible with the domestic legislations of certain countries which had not been able to accede to the Madrid Agreement. India is one such country that has not acceded to the Madrid Agreement. The two treaties are parallel and independent and States may adhere to either of them or to both.
However, some hints have been given by Indian government that Madrid Protocol may be implemented in India. If this is the intention of Indian government, both advantages and disadvantages of Madrid Protocol should be analysed in detail before acceding to the same.
These days most of the public utilities are managed
and coordinated by information and communication technology (ICT). In
many cases, these utilities are managed through remote administration
as well. This is also the stage and process that makes these
utilities vulnerable to cyber attacks.
Keeping this fact in mind, critical
infrastructure protection in India in general and cyber
security in India is facing many challenges
and problems. One of the major problems of cyber security
in India is that various stakeholders are not at all interested in
ensuring cyber security for their respective organisations. However,
the worst part of Indian cyber security initiatives is that Indian
government is pushing hard initiatives like mobile banking, mobile
However, Indian government is least bothered to mange these crucial fields. Indian government becomes active in these fields only when its own interests are at stake. For instance, India is getting stricter regarding false IMEI numbers and norms
. This is because India is finding it difficult to indulge in e-surveillance with false IMEI capable mobile sets.
Now media reports have suggested that the telecom regulator TRAI is planning to approach the Commerce and Industry Ministry to ban imports of mobile phones carrying unauthentic unique IMEI identification number, which helps authorities track users.
In order to archive this task, TRAI would soon write to the Commerce Ministry to ban such phones. It has been suggested that import of only those cell phones should be allowed which are certified by GSMA and TIA authorised bodies for GSM and CDMA handsets respectively.
Further, the Department of Telecom (Govt of India) (vide reference NO-20-40/2006/BS-III(PT)(VOL.I)/201 dated 3rd September 2009), has directed all cellular mobile service providers not to allow calls to be made from Mobile handsets with invalid IMEI number after 30th Nov 2009. However, during a recent test conducted in a telecom service area, government officials were surprised to see over 18,000 mobile handsets using same IMEI number.
Besides IMEI numbers, Indian government is also serious of regulating pre paid SIM cards so that they may not be misused by criminals and terrorists
. However, Indian government must a take a holistic action in this regard and mere piecemeal actions, that also those serving its own interest, would not be in the larger interest of India.
have no dedicated statutory or constitutional privacy
laws In India. However, the Supreme Court of India has
interpreted Article 21 of Indian Constitution as the source of
constitutional right to privacy in India. For some strange reasons,
rights and laws in India have always been ignored by
Indian government. Even the proposed
draft right to privacy bill 2011 of India remained
Critical infrastructures like power utilities,
transportation, banking systems, stock markets, medical institutions,
etc are essential part of our day to day lives. There disruption for
even few hours can cause great loss and discomfort. At times this may
also result in casualties of human lives.
In these circumstances, critical
infrastructure protection in India is needed. To achieve