Access To Justice Has Been Rejuvenated By P4LO And PTLB Globally

Justice has many elements and Access to Justice (A2J) is one of them. A dominant majority of global population has no A2J for one reason or another. Sometimes it is too expensive and at other times it is unknown how to and whom to approach. The net result is lack of justice for people who cannot get A2J in a timely manner.

We at Perry4Law Organisation (P4LO) and PTLB have the unique and valuable Techno Legal experience of more than 20 years. This has put us in a strong place to cater the A2J needs of global stakeholders. We have been leveraging technology to meet this and other goals of P4LO and PTLB.

For instance, we launched Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) Portal named ODR India in 2004. Since then it has gained tremendous global goodwill and reputation. In fact, ODR Portal is the exclusive Techno Legal Portal of the world as on date. It has been resolving disputes of global stakeholders in Techno Legal fields like AI, ML, quantum computing, space law, cyber law, cyber security, etc. It is also covering traditional legal fields from civil and criminal fields. In short, it the the most comprehensive and holistic ODR system ever launched worldwide.

Similarly, E-Courts is another Techno Legal project of P4LO and PTLB. It has established a unique Techno Legal infrastructure and framework that can be used by not only private stakeholders but even world govts and world organisations. It is different from ODR Portal in the sense that while E-Courts directly interact with traditional judiciary and govt machinery, ODR India Portal does the same indirectly. Also E-courts project is more focused upon Lawyers, Judges and govt machinery while ODR India Portal is more focused upon global private stakeholders.

In short, ODR India and E-Courts projects are catering the global dispute resolution needs of global stakeholders. But what about other legal needs of global stakeholders like legal opinions and consultancies, contract drafting and vetting, will making, legislative drafting, etc? That task is accomplished by TeleLaw project of P4LO and PTLB. TeleLaw is helping global stakeholders where dispute resolution is not involved or before dispute resolution process is set in motion or once it is concluded.

In other words, P4LO and PTLB and their unique global Techno Legal projects are covering global stakeholders from a pre-legal relationship stage to post dispute resolution stage that too online. If you want to open a business, we can help you. If you have a business dispute, we can help you. If you want a smooth transition post dispute resolution, we can help you. If you need legal opinion, we can help you and so on.

But what if you wish to have a bright legal career as traditional legal services and options are getting very limited day by day? Artificial intelligence, machine learning and automation has the potential to take away low end jobs of lawyers and legal professionals and that would be a reality soon. If you are a smart legal professionals, you must have a Plan B in this regard. That Plan B is to develop your skills as per future norms and economic conditions. We at P4LO and PTLB have launched various online Techno Legal training and skills development courses that can achieve this purpose.

Alternatively, you can empanel as an ODR Expert at our ODR India Portal. Once empaneled, you would not only get global opportunities but you would also get a free ODR training and skills development course by us. ODR Training Portal would train you to face global challenges and to make your legal career bright and legal skills contemporary.

We have given special focus upon user friendly and ease of using our Techno Legal projects. Services under these projects can be availed of from the comfort of your home and you need not to travel to any other place. That is the biggest advantage as people with a basic smart phone and Internet connection can avail of world class Techno Legal services. Think about a situation where a businessman residing in Mumbai can resolve his dispute with his counterpart in London that too online and within 3 months and at the fraction of cost that he has to pay in courts. We at P4LO and PTLB have made this utopian task a reality.

We hope global stakeholders would find these and other Techno Legal projects of P4LO and PTLB useful and they would use them to their benefit.

Laws Of Domicile In India

Domicile is legally treated in two different legal contexts and manner in India and for Indians. Even person of Indian origin who is residing in other jurisdiction or who has acquired a foreign citizenship has a close relationship with Indian domicile. This is because many succession matters are governed by the status of domicile of the concerned person.

The first domicile is a simple factum of residence in India and all Indian citizens have a single domicile, i.e. domicile of India irrespective of in which state they are residing. A person domicile in one state is domiciled in other states too and vice versa. That is because Constitution of India prescribes a single domicile for all citizens of India.

But when laws of two different countries are involved, the matter becomes very complicated. For instance an Indian citizen may be domiciled in UK or a UK citizen may be domiciled in India. Also a citizen of Germany may be domiciled in UK even though he may be a person of Indian origin or born in India.

Every case depends upon its own unique facts and circumstances and there is no single rule that governs domicile of a person. It is a very complicated process when conflict of laws or private international law is involved. It is complicated as not only laws of more than one countries are involved but their harmonious and effective implementation is also involved. If even a single fact or rule is ignored, it would result in wrong interpretation and domicile status.

We at Perry4Law Law Firm have been helping national and international clients for past two decades in domicile related issues and our research works are widely used and cited in US, UK, Germany, European Union and other countries. We have advised many people on their domicile, succession, inheritance tax, wealth tax and other property related issues for past two decades.

Many Indians who are residing in foreign countries face multiple problems due to conflict of law. As far as India is concerned, the law of domicile in India can be traced under the Indian Succession Act, 1925. The domicile under the Indian Succession Act, 1925 can be classified under the following categories:

(i) Domicile of origin,

(ii) Domicile of choice, and

(iii) Domicile by operation of law.

Domicile of origin is acquired by birth, domicile of choice is acquired by actively exercising an option to reside in a place different than the place of origin and domicile by operation of law is acquired by married women or due to deemed domicile implication of a law of a country. Often it is a conflict between domicile of choice and deemed domicile that is faced by most people.

Many countries like UK has now introduced the concept of deemed domicile for inheritance tax purposes. If a person has been residing in UK for certain years then he/she is deemed to be domiciled in UK for tax purposes. This is true even if such person is resident or citizen of another country like India. It also means such a person is liable for his/her global properties for inheritance tax purposes.

It is very crucial to do tax planning from very beginning to avoid unnecessary taxes that can be avoided with a sound legal opinion. Managing inheritance tax and other taxation issues once the tax proceeding are started is very difficult. We strongly recommend that individuals must consult qualified professionals as soon as possible to reduce the tax incidence or to avoid it altogether within the limits and norms prescribed by laws of various countries.